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    Addax (Addax nasomaculatus)


    Registration date : 2008-08-09
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    Post by sesrocker on April 26th 2009, 23:19

    Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) Addax

    Scientific Name: Addax nasomaculatus
    Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
    Class: Mammal
    Order: Artiodactyla
    Family: Bovidae
    Subfamily: Hippotraginae
    Genus: Addax

    The Addax, also known as the screwhorn antelope, is a critically endangered desert antelope that lives in several isolated regions in the Sahara desert. Although extremely rare in its native habitat, it is quite common in captivity and is regularly bred on ranches where they are hunted as trophies. There are fewer than 500 addax left in wild, with fewer than 860 in captivity.

    The Addax stands about 1 meter tall at the shoulder and its weight varies from 60 to 120 kilograms. The coloring of their coat varies with the season. In the winter it is greyish brown with white hind quarters and legs. In the summer, the coat turns almost completely white or sandy blonde. Their head is marked with brown or black patches that form an X over their nose. They have a scraggly beard and prominent red nostrils. Long black hairs stick out between their curved and spiraling horns ending in a short main on the neck. Horns, found on both males and females, have two to three twists and can reach 80 centimetres in females and 120 centimetres in males. Their tail is short and slender, ending in a puff of hair. The hooves are broad with flat soles and strong dewclaws to help them walk on soft sand.

    Addax are found from Algeria to Sudan but due to several reasons, they have become much more restricted and rare. The population became critically endangered from both destruction of their habitat for commercial projects and hunting for horns or use as leather. Since the addax are slow by comparison with other antelopes, and are known to ride themselves to death, they have been an easy target for mounted hunters.

    Addax live in desert terrain where they eat grass, and leaves of what bushes are available.

    Addax have a strong social structure, probably based on age, and herds are led by the oldest male. Herds are more likely to be found along the northern edge of the tropical rain system during the summer and move north as winter falls. Addax are able to track rainfall and will head for these areas where vegetation is more plentiful.

    Their diet consists of Aristida grasses. The addax eat only certain parts of the plant and tend to crop the Aristida grasses neatly to the same height. These seeds are important part of the addax's diet, being their main source of protein.

    The Israeli Yotvata Hai-Bar Nature Reserve is breeding Addax in the Arava desert for possible release in the Negev desert. One of the biggest captive breeding herds for Addax exists at the Hanover Zoo in Germany. They are raised there and some groups have been sent to fenced areas in Morocco and Tunisia, from where it is hoped they will be reintroduced into the wild.

      Current date/time is May 22nd 2019, 12:38